Graphene 101: A Primer on the “Miracle Materials of the 21st Century”

By:  Michael D. Patterson

Imagine a material that is only one atom thick and nearly transparent, yet ten times stronger than diamond, flexible, impermeable, and more conductive than copper. That material is graphene, the subject of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2010. Graphene is simply a single atomic layer of carbon, arranged in a twodimensional hexagonal lattice; viewed under an electron microscope, graphene resembles a nanometer-scale honeycomb or chicken wire fence. Graphene exists in nature: A piece of graphite, the material that is used in no. 2 pencils, is comprised of millions of stacked graphene layers.  Continue Reading


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